Container terminal is a place with lifting appliances that will consider for carrying cargo in container which are delivered by a different mode of transportation like trains or lorry, tracks, etc.
Container terminal is a location where the multimodal transport changes the mode of transport – for instance, a shipment hauled by train may be made to travel further by rail. The main function of such a facility is to emphasise proper cargo handling, packing, securing, loading and unloading.
Proper and adequate securing of cargo in a container prevents it from sliding, tipping over, causing the container to tip over, or moving. Securing methods, with the help of protecting materials, must also prevent deformation of cargo.
Principles of cargo securing include:
Out of Gauge (OOG), cargo can be defined as any cargo that cannot be loaded into six-sided shipping containers because it is too large. All cargo with dimensions beyond the maximum 40HC container dimensions is categorized under out-of-gauge cargo. It exceeds 12.05m in length, 2.33m in width, and 2.59m in height. Are you looking to ship out-of-gauge cargo? Read on to discover the essential details you need and the challenges you may come across when handling out-of-gauge cargo.
Along with its unique requirements, oversized cargo comes with substantial challenges for a freight forwarder. Prior to transporting the load, a detailed analysis of all shipping features needs to be conducted to perform this operation effectively and safely. Accurate information should be provided to your forwarder is essential. Let’s discuss the necessary cargo details.
Provide your forwarder with as much information as you can and as early as possible. Provide information on the commodity, destination, origin, and the term of carriage. It is better if you can give further details, such as the destination parties, the handling capacity of origin and site requirements, cargo sensitivity, site access, and if cranes will be required.
The following are some of the essential operational activities when handling OOG cargo:
Out-of-gauge transport is not a simple process. This form of international shipping has complex challenges. Some of these challenges include:
As we earlier saw, the fundamental function of the container depot is to store containers for transshipments. We are providing scope of work regarding shipping OOG cargo in Open Top or Flat Rake containers, developing lashing scheme and providing certificates approved by classification authority and port.
Many functions are performed by the container terminals/depot. It is a secure and safe way of storage of containers and hence most of the companies prefer container depot systems to store their cargo containers.
To be precise the main function of the depot is consolidation. The consolidation process in maritime means several small shipments will be combined into one full container by shipping industries. All the cargo is brought to depots by many shippers and the cargo is packed and then shipped or the cargo is unloaded, unpacked, and then it is distributed.
Administrative and documentation functions are also practiced in the depots. These functions are related to the communication with logistic companies and the documentation processes are statistics of the shipments, cargo loaded-unloaded, and containers stored. Container depots also manage receipt, dispatch, and delivery of cargo.
The assistance of customs clearance is given to cargo owners. After the clearance is completed, containers are lifted using cranes. They are then inspected and bifurcated into two categories as damaged and operational. The operational containers are further taken for shipment and the ones that are damaged have to go through repair facilities. Damaged containers are repaired, thoroughly cleaned at the maintenance facility, then stored in the depot for the operational process.
Depots often offer places to store empty containers, the containers that are not damaged are properly stored separately for reusing.
The depots have the function of arranging Haulage services. In arranging haulage services, the business of transporting the goods from depots by the means of rail or road is carried out. Some of the depots also have the facility for operating Out of Gauge (OOG) goods. Out-of-Gauge goods are goods that are very large to fit in a standard container or goods that are not having suitable dimensions to adjust in a standard container.
As stated above, many big companies prefer to store their containers at the depots because of the extremely good security that is made available at the depots. It has large boundaries and tight security surveillance is carried out all day. This prevents chances of smuggling, robbery, and other crimes.
Another important function carried out in these depots is to repair and clean the containers. Containers get damaged all the time due to various reasons. Instead of sending them to another location and incurring another major expense, inspection, repairing, and cleaning are done in the depot itself. Inland Container Depots (ICD) also have these facilities for storing containers and managing import-export custom clearances. ICD provides repair facilities as well. The Operator, Cargo Handling Agent, Shipping line, and other main offices are present in the depot to ensure efficient and smooth working at the depots.
If you are handling out-of-gauge cargo, an established process and attention to detail is the difference between failure and success. It is important to take the time to understand the scope of work and that you involve all stakeholders earliest as possible. When dealing with out-of-gauge cargo, work with an expert in shipping that can take care of all the particulars for you, including documentation and permitting.
We have compiled all the information on the container depots. The depots are a significant aspect in trading and shipping industries as it provides a suitable place for the storage of all kinds of goods. It also helps in the transportation of the goods within the area. The management of container depots is done efficiently and there are very few chances of any robbery or smuggling crimes to happen here because of its admirable security facilities. The problems of shortage of land and other problems are being taken care of by innovative ideas in the construction of the depots. More and more facilities are made available to meet the needs of the companies and logistics department. This was all about the container depots and hope you will find every important piece of data you are searching for related to the container depots in the article.